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DENTAL PAIN WITH SWELLING
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A dental swelling is an abscess or collection of pus in the tooth roots. You may see the swelling in the mouth or if it has spread more, the swelling will even be seen on the face. It is quite painful and makes eating, speaking and routine activities difficult. There can be other reasons for a swelling too as well as complications of an untreated infection, and a dental swelling should not be ignored in the least.  
What is a dental swelling? 
The dental swelling is the manifestation of increasing infection in the tooth roots. As the infection increases, it forms pus which tries to find space and causes a swelling. The infection can come from a deep cavity, cracked tooth, gum infections and broken fiilling among other things. As the pus increases and spreads further, the swelling becomes visible on the face or neck also.
Why the swelling? 
The pus is drained either through the tooth or through the gums to stop the further spread of infection. A definite treatment needs to be done for the source of infection. If the source of infection is tooth roots, a root canal treatment is needed. If it is coming from the gums, gum treatment will be required. In some cases, it may be advisable to remove broken tooth roots. 
What is the solution? 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)

  1. Will I need antibiotics for the pus? - The best treatment for an infected dental swelling is getting it drained, and antibiotics are not a substitute for drainage. After the drainage, antibiotics and pain killers are prescribed as adjuncts. If drainage is thorough, definite treatment can be instituted at the same visit and there are no signs of the infection spreading, antibiotics will not be needed. 
  2. What precautions do I need to take? - Avoid warm saline rinses or hot compresses in the area, as they increase the blood supply to the area and spread the swelling. See your dentist immediately to get drainage done.   
  3. What can be the complications of a dental swelling? The pus will invariably find a way to release the pressure buildup - either inside the mouth or on the face. Till that time it will continue to spread and increase - involving your lips, cheeks, nose, eyes or neck. Spread into the neck can be life threatening at times. 
 
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