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If you find a red streak when you spit after brushing, it is likely you have got bleeding gums. If gum disease is severe, bleeding from the gums can happen even on chewing food.  
What are bleeding gums? 
Gums bleed from tartar deposition leading to unhealthy gums. Plaque and calculus (or tartar) deposit over time on the teeth surfaces and in spaces between teeth and their gums, pushing the gums away from the teeth. This happens due to improper brushing, allowing germs to grow on the teeth and gums. The germs cause the gums to redden and swell, and subsequently bleed on brushing. Bleeding gums may also indicate more serious underlying medical conditions, and they should not be ignored. 
Why are my gums bleeding? 
Gum disease can be treated by scaling (cleaning of teeth), that removes the tartar. In more advanced gum disease, deep cleaning of the gums (called root planing and curettage) or surgical gum treatments are done. The aim of all the treatments is to remove the unhealthy gums that cannot recover, treat the gums that can recover and clean the deposits preventing the gums from healing. 
What is the solution? 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)

  1. Can the bleeding stop by brushing more softly? - Bleeding gums indicate improper brushing and tartar deposits. With softer brushing, the deposits and gum disease will worsen with time.  
  2. Will a mouthwash help? - Mouthwashes may only mask the gum disease for a short time, and long term use of mouthwashes is not recommended. Your dentist may advise you to use a mouthwash after the cleaning procedure. 
  3. I got a cleaning done an year back. But my gums have started bleeding again? Once your scaling is done and gums are healed, you must maintain your oral hygiene properly. Learn the proper brushing and flossing technique, and oral hygiene habits, and make them your daily routine. Ask your dentist if you may use an anti-tartar toothpaste or a mouthwash on a regular basis to keep your gums healthy. See your dentist every 6 months for a routine cleaning - before your gums start bleeding.